# Camouflage and Environment

Kathryn Gregory
Multiple Subject Teacher

Students will make butterflies of various colors and then they will experience the advantage that butterflies that are the same color as their environment have against predators.

## Length of Time: 30 Minutes

Featured Programs:

## Objectives & Outcomes

Students will be able to identify various animals that use camouflage as a defense mechanism.

## Materials Needed

• 10 6X8 inch (approximately) sheets of red construction paper
• 10 6X8 inch (approximately) sheets of blue construction paper
• 10 6X8 inch (approximately) sheets of orange construction paper
• 5 large sheets of Red construction paper
• white writing/drawing paper
• scissors
• markers or colored pencils
• pencil

## Procedure

### Opening to Lesson

• Let each student choose a piece of red, blue or orange construction paper (you can choose different colors for the class, but only 3 colors total).
• Lead students in cutting out butterflies from the paper that they have.
• Have students make 4 butterflies each, they don’t have to be of equal size.
• They are NOT to draw on the butterflies or fold them, they should stay flat with no markings.

### Body of Lesson

#### Guided Practice

• The teacher will then lie out 4 large sheets of red construction paper, or enough to cover a desk or 2.
• Call students up a few at a time to bring their butterflies and spread them out on the colored construction paper.
• All of the students’ butterflies should be spread out evenly on the papers.
• Now ask students to raise their hand if they made red butterflies, count the students and multiply the number of students by 4 to figure out how many red butterflies there are.
• Ex. 10 x 4 = 40 red butterflies
• Now ask students to raise their hand if they made orange butterflies, count the students and multiply the number of students by 4.
• Ex. 10 x 4 = 40 orange butterflies
• Now ask students to raise their hand if they made blue butterflies, count the students and multiply the number of students by 4.
• Ex. 10 x 4 = 40 blue butterflies
• Now have students line up and tell them that they will be predators. They are to quickly choose 1 butterfly and then keep walking. They should choose the first one they find without looking carefully.
• Have students repeat this step multiple times. (but they only take 1 butterfly at a time.
• Monitor students and make sure that they are choosing quickly and not searching for their own or their friend’s butterflies.
• When you see that one of the colors of butterflies has “gone extinct” stop the line and have students go back to their seats.
• Count the remaining butterflies. You should have 0 butterflies from one group (maybe blue), maybe you will have less than 10 of the other group (maybe orange) and you should have nearly all of the butterflies from the red group, as the red butterflies were harder to spot on the red construction paper.
• Find a student that has all blue butterflies, ask them why they “hunted” only blue butterflies.
• Lead a discussion on why the blue (for example) group went extinct before the other group.
• Ask them what advantage the red group of butterflies had over the other colors. (they blended in with the environment)
• Write Camouflage on the board
• Lead a discussion about the benefits of camouflage and ask students what animals they know that can camouflage.

#### Independent Practice

• If materials are available, allow students to research an animal that uses camouflage as a defense. This could be a great activity during computer lab if available.
• Tell students to draw a picture of an animal hiding in its environment. For example: they can draw a green frog in a tree or a snowy owl or polar bear in the arctic.
• Have students write a summary of the animal that they drew. For example: The snowy owl is cool for many reasons. It lives in the snow and is white. Its white color helps the snowy owl hide from its predators and stay camouflaged. As you can see, the snow owl is a master of disguise!

### Closing

Students can show their pictures and read their summary to their partners and then the teacher can choose students to read the summary and show their animal to the class.

## Assessment & Evaluation

Students will write a summary and draw a picture about an animal that uses camouflage as a defense mechanism.

## Modification & Differentiation

If teacher notices that some students need extra attention, he/she can conduct small group instruction. Students can ask teacher question in order to help clear up misconception.

## Related Lesson Plans

##### Fun Fraction Pizza

Students will create a “pizza” from construction paper divided into 8 slices. They will decorate each slice and then exchange slices with classmates and then evaluate the fractions of slices that they have at the end. For example, 1/8 slices of my own pizza, 4/8 or ½ of pizza that was made by a female, 2/8 or ¼ that was made by my buddy.  Note: Students should have already had some lessons about simplification of fractions.

##### The Articles of Confederation

The students will research the “first rules” of the United States, the Articles of Confederation.

##### Theater in Action

Students will write and perform a scene from the story, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.

##### Yarn Painting

This lesson will allow students to practice creating art using a unique medium, yarn.

## Ready to Pursue a Master’s Degree in Education? Make it Your Time!

Teacher.org’s lesson plans encourage conceptual understanding and lifelong learning skills in students as well as empower and motivate teachers.

Are you currently teaching but have the desire to pursue a Master’s Degree in Education? Follow your passion for teaching but at the same time give yourself the tools to further your career and learning. Whether it’s higher salaries, advanced career opportunities, or leadership positions, earning your Master’s Degree in Education is one worth pursuing. Make it your time!