How to Become a Teacher in West Virginia
You won't find any more rewarding career in the world than becoming a teacher in West Virginia. You will have the power to positively impact a growing generation and prepare them to be leaders and thinkers ready to make their way in the world.
The following steps will help guide your journey toward becoming a teacher in the state of West Virginia.
Choose What You Want to Teach
You have several options for certification, so it is important to narrow them down from the beginning. Start with considering the following areas: elementary school, middle school, high school, or special education. Deciding what type of students you want to instruct and what subjects you want to teach are the first steps to becoming a teacher in West Virginia. You can learn more about teachers, students, districts, and certification guidelines at the West Virginia Department of Education.
Complete Bachelor's in Education Requirements for a Teaching Certificate in West Virginia
The basic education requirements in West Virginia are the possession of a bachelor's degree that's completed within a State Board-approved teacher preparation program. The preparation program prepares individuals for specific areas of certification.
If you already have a bachelor's degree, you will have the opportunity to complete a post-baccalaureate or alternative teacher preparation program.
Complete a Teacher Preparation Program
Teacher preparation programs in West Virginia are usually structured on a mixture of college coursework and fieldwork. The college courses in the program commonly instruct on subject-based teaching methods, differentiated instructional strategies, multiple assessment measures, and classroom management. The fieldwork portion is a blending of classroom observations and student teaching. Student teaching usually requires an individual to work in real classrooms for a specified amount of time. During that time, the student teacher works under the guidance of a certificated teacher in order to plan and implement lessons based on the needs of the student population.
As mentioned earlier, it is quite common for individuals to complete a teacher preparation program as part of a bachelor's degree program. This option is great for individuals who decide to become a teacher early on in their college career. On the other hand, if you already have a bachelor's degree in an unrelated field, you can complete a post-baccalaureate or alternative teacher preparation program.
Alternative Teacher Certification in West Virginia
In West Virginia, there are several other routes to certification.
Transition to Teaching
The Transition to Teaching Program is for individuals who change careers into teaching. It is an alternative certification program that works with West Virginia school districts to place and certify qualifying participants in the classroom.
Teacher Certification Reciprocity
If you are certified to teach in another state, West Virginia might accept you licensure. West Virginia accepts reciprocity from several states. Contact West Virginia's Department of Education to find out if your certification can become valid in West Virginia.
Full time permits are for individuals who want to teach while working on a teaching certificate. For this route, it is required that individuals hold a bachelor's degree with a minimum of a 2.5 GPA at a regionally accredited college or university.
Pass the Tests Required for Teacher Certification in West Virginia
Individuals who are on their way to becoming certified to teach in West Virginia must also meet the testing requirements of the teacher preparation program they completed.
In West Virginia, teachers should pass the Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST). The basic skills test could be fulfilled by taking the Praxis CORE Academic Skills for Educators Test. This test measures skills in reading, writing, and mathematics.
The Praxis II test includes the content specialty test and the professional knowledge tests. This test will measure a candidate's knowledge in the area they wish to become certified in. With that said, the Praxis II must be taken in the area you wish to become licensed in. The test includes multiple choice questions as well as constructed response essay questions.
Apply for your West Virginia Teacher Certification
The West Virginia Department of Education requires the following for initial certification:
- Completed application form
- Non-refundable application fee
- Documentation to verify the application, including official college transcript(s)
- Passing exam score(s)
- Clear State Police and FBI background report
West Virginia Department of Education
1900 Kanawha Boulevard East
Charleston, WV 25305
Phone: (304) 558-2699
Find a Teaching Job in West Virginia
Once the above requirements are processed, you will be on your way to land the teaching job of your dreams in West Virginia!
West Virginia is proactively recruiting for the state's teacher shortages which affect many of the subject areas taught in public and private schools, and across all age groups. In order to best meet their need, a collaborative effort has been made to maintain a current job posting database at the K-12 Job-Bank through the Department of Education website.
Should teachers wish to pursue a teaching role outside the public system, the state's 148 private schools also have an ongoing need for dynamic, certified educators. Note that over 80% of private schools in the state have religious affiliation. Private schools in West Virginia boast an impressive student to teacher ratio of 11 students per teacher.
Teacher Associations in West Virginia
Once hired, teachers may join teacher associations. Options include the American Federation of Teacher (AFT-WV), West Virginia Education Association (WVEA), and the West Virginia Professional Educators. These organizations advocate for teachers' labor and legal rights as well as provide professional networking opportunities.
Retirement Benefits for West Virginia Teachers
Upon retirement, public school teachers will be eligible to draw from their retirement pensions managed through the Teachers' Retirement System (TRS).
Teacher Shortage in West Virginia by Subjects or Discipline (2021-2022)
The following list of teacher shortage areas in West Virginia has been obtained from the U.S. Department of Education Office of Postsecondary Education, Teacher Shortage Area (TSA) list for the 2021-2022 school year:
- Shortages in Mineral, Mingo, Monongalia, Monroe, Morgan, McDowell, Nicholas, Preston, Putnam, Raleigh, Randolph, Summers, Tyler, Upshur, Wayne, Webster, Wetzel, Wyoming, Barbour, Berkeley, Boone, Cabell, Calhoun, Greenbrier
- Elementary Education
- Special Education
- Biological Sciences
- General Science
- Career and Technical Education
- World Languages, Spanish
- Basic and Advanced Mathematics
- Physical Education
Number of Public and Private School Teachers By Grade
The following Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) table highlights the number of teachers in West Virginia in both private and public schools, by grade level, as of May 2021:
|Grade Level||Number of Teachers|
|Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education||1,980|
|Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education||6,160|
|Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education||4,460|
|Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education||3,870|
|Special Education Teachers, Preschool||-|
|Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School||2,270|
|Special Education Teachers, Middle School||420|
|Special Education Teachers, Secondary School||430|
Continue Your Education and Professional Development
Ongoing professional development for teachers is truly an investment in tomorrow's workforce. Students who have contact with a highly trained teacher, that is, one who has undergone significant professional development, show greater academic achievement and leadership ability. Professional development can take many forms, from informal in-services to national conferences. Generally, the topics of professional development fall into several broad categories: subject matter expertise, classroom strategy integration, assessment methods, differentiated instruction, or leadership.
Professional Development in West Virginia
In the state of West Virginia, teachers are provided with a number of ways to improve their professional practice. The West Virginia Professional Teaching Standards have been developed to establish a benchmark for what teachers are expected to do in the classroom.
Additional initiatives like eLearning have been established to ensure that all educators have equal access to web-based professional development opportunities.
Further, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards provides further incentives for teachers to strive for excellence in the classroom. Teachers with further questions are encouraged to contact their administrative team for more information.
Earn a Master's Degree to Achieve a Permanent Professional Teaching Certificate
A master's degree in West Virginia will help you achieve the Permanent Professional Teaching Certificate, the highest teaching certificate offered through the West Virginia Department of Education. The Permanent Professional certificate comes with its share of perks, including a lifetime credential with no professional development/continuing education requirements.
West Virginia recognizes a tiered system of teacher licensure, which includes an Initial Professional Teaching Certificate, a Professional Five-Year Teaching Certificate, and an optional Permanent Professional Teaching Certificate.
After earning your Initial Professional Teaching Certificate and teaching for a period of three years, you'll advance to the Professional Five-Year Teaching Certificate, which is valid for a period of five years and renewable based on two years of teaching experience, six semester hours of college coursework, and a superintendent recommendation.
Work toward your master's degree while holding this license and you'll meet the college coursework requirements for renewal after completing just two courses. Your master's degree, combined with an additional 30 graduate hours of coursework, will also satisfy renewal requirements for as long as you hold the certificate.
Plus, you can apply for a salary supplement upon earning this degree by completing Form 12 - Advanced Degree and/or Salary, or NBPTS Salary Supplement.
Once you've earned your master's degree and at least five years of teaching on a Professional Five-Tear Teaching Certificate, you'll also be eligible for a Permanent Professional Teaching Certificate, which is valid for a lifetime until surrendered, suspended, or revoked.
A Master's is Your Ticket to a Higher Salary
According to the WV Department of Education Salary Schedules for the 2020-2021 school year, all school districts paid educators with master's degrees more than those with bachelor's degrees. The minimum salary for teachers with a bachelor's degree was $32,057, while the minimum salary for teachers with a master's degree was $39,266.
2021 US Bureau of Labor Statistics salary and employment figures for Teachers (Preschool, Elementary, Middle School, High School) and Special Education Teachers, (Preschool, Kindergarten and Elementary, Middle, High School) reflect national data, not school-specific information. Conditions in your area may vary. Data accessed March 2023.