Students will create analogies using randomly chosen grade-appropriate words.
Grade Level: 6 - 8th
Length of Time: About 1 - 2 Class Periods
Common Core Alignment
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.5 - Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
Objectives & Outcomes
The students will be able to define randomly chosen words, and create analogies based on an identified relationship using the two words as a starting point. The students will increase their vocabulary through the development of analogies.
Internet dictionary or paper dictionary
Prepare ahead of time: Create (5 x # of students) index cards each with a grade-appropriate word. Words may come from current literature being read by the class. Container to place the index cards/words.
Opening to Lesson
- Display two words that seemingly have no connection to each other.
- Ask students the similarities or differences between the two words.
- Ask how they can somehow be either connected, shown as opposites, or another type of analogy.
- Display a brief list of some of the responses
Body of Lesson
- Next, ask students think of two other words which can be connect similarly.
- Once students respond with a logical pair of words display all four words shown as an analogy
- Explain to students this is what they will be doing with randomly chosen words
- Show the container to the students
- Each student will randomly choose two words from the container
- On a separate sheet of paper the students will define each word
- One defined, the students are to reflect on the two words to find a connection between them
- Once a connection is found, the students will use the dictionary or think of two words to use an analogy to the original words
- The students will write the analogy with the four words on a separate sheet of paper
- Once completed, the students will choose two more words from the container and then return the completed index cards
- The students will repeat the same procedure with two more randomly chosen words
- The teacher will decide on the number of analogies the students are required to develop or the time limit in doing so.
- Once all analogies are developed, the teacher will collect the finished work
- Teacher will orally read some of the analogies allowing students to complete the second half of the analogy as a practice for a quiz or test the next day
- Teacher will create a multiple choice quiz or test using the created analogies, may also be fill in the blank. Assign the same type of work for homework allowing students to develop a set number of analogies.
Following the quiz/test the teacher will review analogies and the purpose in using them. Ask students what difficulties they may have had and how they can more easily complete a missing analogy.
Assessment & Evaluation
Teacher-created quiz or test using the analogies created by the students.
Modification & Differentiation
Students may work in pairs. Students randomly choose their own words from a dictionary. Use a theme for the randomly chosen words, for example x number of words from science, math, or other subject area. Use only words from first half of dictionary or all beginning with the same letter.
Related Lesson Plans
This lesson will allow students to practice teamwork and trust building, as well as working on directionality for younger students.
Each student will research a past deceased president, review their life, speeches, quotes, term in office, etc., and use it to run for President versus another past President.
Using the Periodic Table of Elements the students will research ingredients listed on food product labels.
This lesson will allow students to practice creating art by marking off what will not be painted. This requires planning prior to mixing the first color.
Ready to Pursue a Master’s Degree in Education? Make it Your Time!
Teacher.org’s lesson plans encourage conceptual understanding and lifelong learning skills in students as well as empower and motivate teachers.
Are you currently teaching but have the desire to pursue a Master’s Degree in Education? Follow your passion for teaching but at the same time give yourself the tools to further your career and learning. Whether it’s higher salaries, advanced career opportunities, or leadership positions, earning your Master’s Degree in Education is one worth pursuing. Make it your time!