How to Become a Teacher in Maryland
In Maryland, teachers have the power to motivate and prepare "world-class" students. It is no wonder that many consider teachers to have such rewarding careers. The following steps will guide you towards becoming a teacher in Maryland.
Choose What You Want to Teach
Choosing what level you want to teach is crucial before continuing with the requirements to become a teacher. Think about the age range of children you want to teach and whether or not you want to work with younger or older children. It is even important to consider what topics you want to teach. If you have a specialty in a certain subject, you could consider becoming a high school teacher. If you prefer to teach multiple subjects, you could consider getting certificated in Elementary education. The choice is yours. The Maryland State Department of Education has helpful information about students, teacher, and schools in the state which could help you make your decision.
Complete Your Education Requirements for Teaching in Maryland
Maryland requires all teachers to hold a Bachelor's Degree and complete a Maryland approved teacher preparation program.
Complete a Teacher Preparation Program
There are a few routes that lead to teaching certification in Maryland. What route you take will be based on your education and experience. Regardless of what route you take, it is mandatory to complete an approved Maryland teacher's certification program in an accredited institution. When trying to choose a potential teacher program, it's recommended to confirm that the program is accredited.
Teacher preparation programs generally have two parts: college coursework and fieldwork. During the program, your coursework will likely focus on pedagogy, content-based teaching methods, differentiated instruction, assessment, and the integration of technology. The fieldwork element includes classroom observations, student teaching, or interning. As a student teacher or intern, you will work with a master teacher to develop and implement lessons based on the needs of your student population. In addition, student teachers and interns are usually responsible for grading, disciplining, and communicating with parents.
Alternative Teacher Certification in Maryland
Maryland has a few alternative programs for individuals who decide to become teachers after graduating from college or individuals who decide to change careers. These programs are tailored to meet the staffing needs of school districts, while providing the convenience necessary to attract experienced and diverse individuals to the classroom. Although several school districts offer alternative preparation, only some partner with two-year or four-year institutions of higher education.
Alternative preparation programs usually allow individuals to begin teaching and receiving a salary much earlier than in a traditional program. However, although these programs lead to a certification, they do not necessarily lead to a degree. Keep in mind that alternative preparation programs are sometimes considered intensive and very challenging due to the shortened time frame.
Prior to entering a teacher education program at a college or university, you may be required to take the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators tests to demonstrate your basic academic skills.
Pass the Required Tests for Maryland
Basic Skills Test
Maryland requires that candidates pass the PPST (Pre-Professional Skills Test). However, the candidate will not be required to pass the PPST if he/she has earned sufficient scores on the SAT, ACT, or GRE.
Candidates must also pass the appropriate Maryland Praxis II tests for each desired area of certification. The Praxis II is a subject area assessment. The test also assesses principles of learning as well as teaching foundations. In order to earn certification, candidates must pass the Praxis II exam specific to the area they want to become certificated in.
Apply for your Maryland Teacher Certification
Upon completion of all the requirements, the pertinent paperwork should be mailed to the Maryland Department of Education.
- Official transcript(s) of all course work taken
- Verification of completed teacher preparation program at an accredited school
- Passing scores for the required certification tests
- A cover letter with your name, complete mailing address, date of birth, social security number, personal email address, and the area of certification you are seeking
- Completed application along with payment of non-refundable processing fees
Maryland State Department of Education
200 W. Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
Phone: (410) 767-0412
Find a Teaching Job in Maryland
Once your application processes, you will be ready to begin your career as a certified teacher in Maryland!
Public School Jobs
The Department of Education in Maryland is committed to ensuring that there is a continual pool of qualified teacher candidates available to draw from. This means that job postings for teachers are open and continuous. With that said, teachers may apply when qualified to do so. Employers may contact candidates from the pool as their need arises.
The state maintains teaching and other education job postings on marylandpublicschools.org. Candidates are encouraged to review the site carefully before applying.
NEA and AFT-Maryland
Once hired, teachers join the Maryland State Education Association (NEA), or the American Federation of Teachers (AFT-Maryland). Members then have support of their union for labor and legal issues, as well as professional development and networking opportunities.
Retirement Benefits for Teachers
Teachers retiring from the public system draw a pension from their mandatory contributions through the Maryland State Retirement and Pension System. Teachers should also be aware that supplemental pension funds exist through organizations like the Maryland Teachers & State Employees Supplemental Retirement Plans. Teachers are encouraged to speak with a certified financial planner who is knowledgeable about retirement for educators.
Private School Jobs
Maryland private schools are also in need of qualified and innovative teachers in the state's 918 schools. Maryland's private schools have a great ratio of 9 students to 1 teacher. Smaller class sizes have benefits for both staff and students.
Teacher Shortage in Maryland by Subjects or Discipline (2014-2015)
The following list of teacher shortage areas in Maryland has been obtained from the U.S. Department of Education Office of Postsecondary Education, Teacher Shortage Area (TSA) list for the 2014-2015 school year
- Computer Science (Grades 7 - 12)
- English for Speakers of Other Languages (Pre-Kindergarten
Number of Public School Teachers By Grade
The table below lists the number of public school teachers in Maryland by grade level during the 2012-2013 school year.
|Grade Level||Number of Teachers|
|Pre-kindergarten & Preschool Teachers||1,085|
|Middle & High School Teachers||23,266|
Data obtained from the State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey Data 2013
Number of Private School Teachers By Grade
There are more than 670 private schools with an estimated 11,000 private school teachers in Maryland. The table below details the number of teachers by grade level during the 2011-2012 school year.
|Grade Level||Number of Teachers|
|Elementary School Teachers||4,426|
|Middle & High School Teachers||1,625|
|Combined K-12 School Teachers||4,912|
Data obtained from the Private School Universe Survey (PSS) 2012
Continue Your Education and Professional Development
Common sense, scientific findings, and professional insight all indicate that skilled teachers have a positive impact on student learning. Ensuring that teachers engage in professional development on an ongoing basis helps them enhance their knowledge and skills both inside and outside of the classroom. In addition to boosting student achievement, teachers who engage in professional development are more likely to achieve salary and career advancement goals.
Professional Development in Maryland
In the state of Maryland, the Department of Education has a number of guidelines for administering, partaking in, and accrediting professional development endeavors. These guiding documents are found on the Maryland Department of Education website. To register for professional development opportunities, teachers are encouraged to visit the state's Blackboard website with their login information. Additional information can be found through some of the professional organizations in the state like, Council of Educational Administrative and Supervisory Organizations of Maryland (CEASOM), Maryland Society for Educational Technology (MSET), and Maryland Assessment Group (MAG). Teachers with further questions are encouraged to contact the Director of Instructional Assessment and Professional Development at the Maryland State Department of Education.
Employment and Teacher Salary in Maryland
Teaching opportunities are abundant in the state of Maryland; there are several core subject areas that require certified and passionate teachers at the elementary and secondary levels. Some areas of need are technology, career studies, languages, STEM subjects, and special education. While the state of Maryland pays new public school teachers $43,235 per school year, teachers quickly meet or surpass the per capita income level of $52,000 due to regular raises commensurate upon tenure and certifications. Teachers are encouraged to apply to school districts throughout the state - particularly those near urban centers like Baltimore, Columbia, and Germantown.
Salary Range$50,150 - $90,390
Elementary school teachers have a salary range between $50,150 to $90,390 a year in Maryland. There are around twenty seven thousand employed elementary school teachers. Read about what it takes to become an elementary school teacher.
Elementary School Teachers
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||5,030||$70,140|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Elementary School Teachers (SOC Code: 25-2021)
Salary Range$41,100 - $111,130
English teachers have a salary range between $41,100 to $111,130 a year in Maryland, with over 1,160 employed in the state. See details on how to become an english teacher.
English Language and Literature Teachers (College Professor)
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||60||$72,090|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for English Language and Literature Teachers (College Professor) (SOC Code: 25-1123)
Salary Range$49,940 - $90,180
As a high school teacher in Maryland you can expect to make between $49,940 - $90,180. There are around seventeen thousand employed high school teachers. Take the next step and learn to how to become a high school teacher.
High School Teachers
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||3,900||$70,180|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for High School Teachers (SOC Code: 25-2031)
Salary Range$55,910 - $148,490
In Maryland, a history teacher's salary may range from $55,910 to $148,490. There are around 810 employed history teachers. Get more information about becoming a history teacher.
History Teachers (College Professor)
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for History Teachers (College Professor) (SOC Code: 25-1125)
Salary Range$31,220 - $76,820
Kindergarten teachers in Maryland, can earn between $31,220 to $76,820 a year. There are around two thousand employed kindergarten teachers. Read about what it takes to become a kindergarten teacher.
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||950||$44,560|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Kindergarten Teachers (SOC Code: 25-2012)
Salary Range$31,220 - $138,600
As a math teacher in Maryland you can expect to make between $31,220 - $138,600. Maryland is home to about sixty thousand math teachers. See our guide on how to become a math teacher.
Mathematical Science Teachers (College Professor)
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||40||$64,630|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Mathematical Science Teachers (College Professor) (SOC Code: 25-1022)
Salary Range$19,780 - $71,560
P.e. teachers have a salary range between $19,780 to $71,560 a year in Maryland. Maryland is home to about three thousand p.e. teachers. See our guide on how to become a p.e. teacher.
Coaches and Scouts
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||950||$40,240|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Coaches and Scouts (SOC Code: 27-2022)
Salary Range$23,150 - $52,710
In Maryland, a preschool teacher's salary may range from $23,150 to $52,710, with over 6,790 employed in the state. See details on how to become a preschool teacher.
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||1,940||$34,860|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Preschool Teachers (SOC Code: 25-2011)
Salary Range$36,440 - $141,800
As a school administrator in Maryland you can expect to make between $36,440 - $141,800. Maryland is home to about six thousand school administrators. Take the next step and learn to how to become a school administrator.
Education Administrators, Preschool and Childcare Center/Program
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||250||$55,590|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Education Administrators, Preschool and Childcare Center/Program (SOC Code: 11-9031)
Education Administrators, Elementary, Middle, and High School
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||1,350||$109,070|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Education Administrators, Elementary, Middle, and High School (SOC Code: 11-9032)
Salary Range$43,230 - $93,190
School counselors in Maryland, can earn between $43,230 to $93,190 a year, with over 5,330 employed in the state. See our guide on how to become a school counselor.
Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||1,190||$65,720|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors (SOC Code: 21-1012)
Salary Range$52,880 - $97,610
School librarians have a salary range between $52,880 to $97,610 a year in Maryland. Maryland is home to about three thousand school librarians. Read about what it takes to become a school librarian.
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||1,140||$78,930|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Librarians (SOC Code: 25-4021)
Salary Range$37,460 - $112,370
In Maryland, a special education teacher's salary may range from $37,460 to $112,370. Maryland is home to about fourteen thousand special education teachers. Interested in becoming a special education teacher?
Special Education Teachers (Preschool)
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||-||$42,030|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Special Education Teachers (Preschool) (SOC Code: 25-2051)
Special Education Teachers (Kindergarten and Elementary School)
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||1,220||$59,830|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Special Education Teachers (Kindergarten and Elementary School) (SOC Code: 25-2052)
Special Education Teachers (Middle School)
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||1,060||$63,910|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Special Education Teachers (Middle School) (SOC Code: 25-2053)
Special Education Teachers (High School)
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||1,080||$63,060|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Special Education Teachers (High School) (SOC Code: 25-2054)
Salary Range$22,490 - $51,400
In Maryland, a substitute teacher's salary may range from $22,490 to $51,400. Maryland is home to about eleven thousand substitute teachers. Read about what it takes to become a substitute teacher.
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||3,030||$33,670|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Substitute Teachers (SOC Code: 25-3098)
Salary Range$20,670 - $44,760
In Maryland, a teaching assistant's salary may range from $20,670 to $44,760. There are around nineteen thousand employed teaching assistants. Interested in becoming a teaching assistant?
|Bethesda, Rockville, Frederick||3,510||$27,600|
Data taken from BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/oes/) for Teacher Assistants (SOC Code: 25-9041)
Top School Districts Supporting Teachers in Maryland
Teachers work hard every day and the more support they have the better they can succeed at inspiring our future. This is why Teacher.org has ranked school districts in Maryland that excel in supporting teachers inside and outside of the classroom. 24 school districts in Maryland were analyzed with the top 10 school districts being featured below. The school districts were scored on several factors which represent how well a school district supports their teachers.
For more information on school district rankings, see our methodology page: http://www.teacher.org/school-district-ranking-methodology.
Continued List of School Districts in Maryland
|Ranking||School District||Schools||Teachers||Overall Score|
|#11||Allegany County Public Schools||22||634||80.39|
|#12||Charles County Public Schools||37||1,702||79.94|
|#13||Garrett County School District||12||295||79.67|
|#14||Montgomery County Public Schools||207||10,112||79.62|
|#15||Queen Anne's County High School||14||509||78.62|
|#16||Anne Arundel County Public Schools||122||5,338||78.35|
|#17||Cecil County Public Schools||29||1,147||78.22|
|#18||Washington County Public Schools||46||1,519||78.12|
|#19||St. Mary's County Public School System||27||1,067||77.56|
|#20||Dorchester County School District||13||372||76.1|
|#21||Baltimore County Public Schools||174||7,306||75.86|
|#22||Talbot County Public Schools||8||316||74.23|
|#23||Prince George's County Public Schools System||209||8,326||71.4|
|#24||Baltimore City Public Schools||195||5,272||70.56|
Data obtained from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey