This lesson offers a simple introduction or refresher course in homophones, words that are pronounced the same, but spell and mean differently. Students will create a visual reminder of some of the more common homophones.
Grade Level: 2 - 5th
Subject: English/Language Arts
Length of Time: 30 - 40 Minutes
Objectives & Outcomes
Students will identify, pronounce, and illustrate common homophones to strengthen skills and understanding.
- Paper (cardstock is best, but printer paper will work)
- List of common homophones (see attached samples)
Opening to Lesson
Offer students the following bit of information: English is one of the hardest languages in the world to learn. Ask students if they can guess why it is so hard. Encourage answers by displaying the following sentences: They’re going to their car that is over there.; He blew the blue horn two too many times.; The flower made out of flour and water won number one in the contest. Explain that the words that sound the same are homophones and such words make English very difficult to learn, but that today you are going to create a ‘cheat sheet’ for some common homophones.
Body of Lesson
- Before providing a list of homophones, have students see if they can come up with some on their own. List these on the board or overhead. If there are no suggestions choose words appropriate for the grade level and ability level of the students.
- Review words and meanings with students before passing out paper. Fold the paper into fourths as shown below. Cut tabs on either side (shown below) to create flaps for each homophone pair. Have students list the pairs on the outside of the flap, across from each other. Under each flap draw a simple picture to illustrate the word. This is now a ‘cheat sheet’ for homophones. You can allow students to choose a set number of pairs or give them the words you feel are best. If time permits allow students to decorate the back.
Have students share their illustrations with a partner and then allow a few students to share which pair of homophones is the hardest for them to remember. Use the foldable in other assignments as a ‘cheat sheet’ when possible.
Assessment & Evaluation
Students will create a neat and legible foldable that can be used as a reference guide for future assignments, that illustrates homophones.
Modification & Differentiation
Struggling students or ESL students may benefit from shorter homophone lists or being allowed to cut pictures from magazines instead of creating illustrations.
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