How to Become a Teacher in Alabama

Abraham Lincoln once said, "Teach the children so it will not be necessary to teach the adults." Indeed, teaching is a great way to affect the future of your country and create positive change. The following steps will help guide your journey toward becoming a teacher in the state of Alabama.

Choose What You Want to Teach

First, you need to think about which setting you would like to teach in. For example, would you like to see yourself teaching in high school? Do you like to teach a particular subject like French or Mathematics? Answering these questions will determine some of the steps you take and will help you stay on track. The Alabama State Department of Education has information about schools, teachers, students, and curriculum, which could help you make your decision.

Complete Your Education Requirements for Teaching in Alabama

In Alabama, the basic education requirements for becoming a teacher are obtaining a Bachelor's Degree (from a state approved teacher education program at a regionally accredited college or university) and passing the Alabama certification exams. For a list of regionally accredited institutions, refer to the Alabama State Department of Education's list of Approved Programs.

The most direct route for Alabama teacher certification is obtaining a Bachelor's Degree in the desired certification area from a blended teacher education program in an Alabama college or university. The institution should be formally approved by the Alabama State Board of Education. Prospective teachers should work with their chosen school to ensure that all state requirements and paperwork are fulfilled. Recommendation for certification must be completed by the certification officer at your school.

Complete a Teacher Preparation Program

Public school teachers in Alabama are required to possess teaching certification. This certification is traditionally obtained after the completion of an approved teacher preparation or education program.

Teacher education programs generally consist of two components: college coursework and fieldwork. College coursework usually includes a focus on pedagogy (the art and science of teaching), subject-based teaching methods, differentiated instructional strategies, classroom management, and technology integration. The fieldwork component often includes field observations and student teaching or interning, depending on your chosen program. Successful student teaching usually includes the creation and implementation of lesson plans, writing reflections, and putting together a cumulative portfolio.

Teacher preparation programs can be completed online or on-site, as long as the program is approved and accredited.

If you already have a Bachelor's Degree, you can go through an approved alternative route. Often times, you can complete a post-baccalaureate teacher preparation program. Many programs even offer joint Master's Degree programs.

Alternative Teacher Certification in Alabama

If you already have a Bachelor's Degree in an area outside of teaching, there are alternative ways to obtain teacher certification in the state of Alabama.

Special Alternative Certificate (SAC)

One option is the Special Alternative Certificate (SAC). This option is available for those who have a Bachelor's Degree and have been hired by a local board of education or a nonpublic school. It is typically good for one school year and can be renewed twice. This gives one adequate time to complete the requirements for an Alabama Class A (Master's Degree) certificate through an Alabama Fifth-Year Program at a college or university.

Alternative Baccalaureate Level Certificate (ABC)

Another option is the Alternative Baccalaureate Level Certificate (ABC). The ABC is similar to the Special Alternative Certificate in that you must have a Bachelor's Degree and have been hired by a local board of education or a nonpublic school. The certificate is good for one year and has a possible reissuance for two additional years. This option allows candidates with a Bachelor's Degree to document experience or study in the field for which certification is desired. A mentor teacher is then assigned by the superintendent or headmaster. There are specific requirements related to the experience and the Bachelor's Degree courses taken, so it would be wise to contact the state certification office for specific information on this option.

Pass the Required Tests for Alabama

After completing your education requirements, the next step to becoming a teacher in Alabama is to pass the required state tests. These tests are offered by the Alabama Educator Certification Testing Program (AECTP).

The following tests are required in Alabama for those wishing to become teachers:

  • Basic skills assessments of the AECTP:
    • Applied Mathematics
    • Reading for Information
    • Writing
  • Subject matter testing (Praxis II series, if applicable)

Note that if you have an Alabama Professional Educator Certificate or a valid Professional Leadership Certificate, you are not required to pass the basic skills assessment of the AECTP.

Also, note that some colleges or universities may ask that you pass some or all of these tests prior to entering or exiting a teacher preparation program. Check with a program advisor or counselor to find out more about your requirements.

Apply for your Alabama Teacher Certification

Certification forms for prospective teachers in Alabama may be found in the Publications section of the Alabama State Department of Education's website.

Application Requirements

You may apply for an Alabama teaching certificate (Professional Educator Certificate) by using the forms offered by the Alabama State Department of Education's Certification Forms list. In addition to the proper form for your certification type, you need to send:

  • A recommendation for certification by your state-approved program
  • Your official college transcripts
  • Application fee
  • Background clearance of fingerprint review
  • Non-refundable application fee

Contact Information

Office of Teaching and Leading
Teacher Certification Section
5215 Gordon Persons Building
PO Box 302101
Montgomery, Alabama 36130-2101
Phone: (334) 353-8567

Find a Teaching Job in Alabama

In Alabama, they believe that every child should have the power to become a prepared graduate. With that said, at last you will be prepared to begin your career as an effective teacher in the great state of Alabama!

Public School Teaching Jobs

Teaching jobs in the state of Alabama are trending slightly upward as class size ratios change to benefit students. There are some growth areas for teachers such as agriculture, foreign languages, sciences, special education, business, mathematics, and computer sciences. To access these and other public teaching jobs, visit Teach in Alabama, funded by the state Department of Education.

Private School Teaching Jobs

There are over 500 private schools in Alabama that serve approximately 85,000 students. Private school teachers may experience a lower teaching ratio, a particular religious affiliation, or a same-gender environment.

Alabama Education Association

The teacher's union in the state is the Alabama Education Association (AEA). The AEA services over 100,000 educators throughout the state. Beyond consumer benefits, the AEA provides legal benefits that allow teaching professionals to feel secure as they perform the scope of their duties. Teachers who are faced with action in regard to their employment such as disciplinary action, transfers, and lawsuits are encouraged to contact their local AEA director for support. Teachers can also depend on the AEA for insurance, loans, financial planning, and competitive credit cards. For retirement planning, teachers may be eligible to contribute funds to the Retirement Systems of Alabama (RSA) or the Retirement Systems of Alabama, both of which hold public pensions funds for state and public education employees in the state of Alabama.

Teacher Shortage in Alabama by Subjects or Discipline (2014-2015)

The following list of teacher shortage areas in Alabama has been obtained from the U.S. Department of Education Office of Postsecondary Education, Teacher Shortage Area (TSA) list for the 2014-2015 school year

  • Foreign Languages (Grades 6 - 12)
  • Mathematics (Grades 6 - 12)
  • Science (Grades 6 - 12)
  • Special Education
  • Autism (Kindergarten - Grade 12)
  • Gifted (Kindergarten - Grade 12)
  • Learning Disabled (Kindergarten

Number of Public School Teachers By Grade

The table below lists the number of public school teachers in Alabama by grade level during the 2012-2013 school year.

Grade LevelNumber of Teachers
Pre-kindergarten & Preschool Teachers576
Kindergarten Teachers5,002
Elementary Teachers24,850
Middle & High School Teachers21,450

Data obtained from the State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey Data 2013

Number of Private School Teachers By Grade

There are more than 360 private schools with an estimated 5,500 private school teachers in Alabama. The table below details the number of teachers by grade level during the 2011-2012 school year.

Grade LevelNumber of Teachers
Elementary School Teachers1,409
Middle & High School Teachers362
Combined K-12 School Teachers3,732

Data obtained from the Private School Universe Survey (PSS) 2012

Continue Your Education and Professional Development

Teachers expand their knowledge and skills while sharing their practices with others. Through a combination of learning and leadership, professional development is facilitated through formal and informal sessions. These sessions can be with peers and experienced members of their profession.

The goal of professional development for educators is to meet the best outcome for each student. The Alabama Council for Leadership Development works closely with the Alabama State Department of Education to help teachers and educators determine appropriate content and delivery methods for professional development opportunities.

Professional Development in Alabama

There are a number of organizations in the state of Alabama which provide professional development offerings to the state's teachers. Generally recognized are PLUs (Professional Learning Units) and CEUs (Continuing Education Units) as measures of ongoing development. Teachers who are looking for resources and courses are encouraged to check out eLearning Alabama, Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX), Alabama Technology in Motion (ATIM), and other district and state approved opportunities.